If you are interested in a support group, your provider may be able to recommend one in your area. Or visit the websites of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) or the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF). These websites may contain information about local support groups and activities for people with type 1 diabetes. You can also reach the ADA at 800-DIABETES (800-342-2383) or JDRF at 800-533-CURE (800-533-2873). The three main types of nutrients found in food are carbohydrates (or carbohydrates), proteins, and fats, all of which provide energy in the form of calories. Foods that contain carbohydrates cause the greatest increase in blood sugar levels. Foods that contain mostly protein and/or fat do not affect blood sugar levels as much. Our bodies need all these nutrients – in varying amounts – to function normally. High blood sugar levels can make people with type 1 diabetes sick, so their treatment plan is to keep their blood sugar levels within a healthy range while ensuring they grow and develop normally. To do this, people with type 1 diabetes must: The American Diabetes Association recommends that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL or “bad”) be less than 100 mg/dL (2.6 mmol/L). It is recommended that high-density lipoprotein (HDL or “good”) cholesterol be greater than 50 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L) in women and greater than 40 mg/dL (1 mmol/L) in men. Triglycerides, another type of blood fat, should be less than 150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L). Regarding intensive care unit (ICU) management of patients infected with diabetes: Following the treatment plan can help a person stay healthy, but it is not a cure for diabetes.
Currently, there is no cure for diabetes, so people with type 1 diabetes will need treatment for the rest of their lives. The good news is that sticking to the plan can help people feel healthy and avoid diabetes problems later on. In people with diabetes who are hospitalized but do not have cognitive impairment, continued CGM and/or continuous subcutaneous insulin injection (PSCI) (insulin pump, SAP, LGS/PLGS) should be considered. The presence of a family member who is knowledgeable and trained in the use of these devices, or the availability of a diabetes team for counselling and support is ideal in such situations. You will visit your provider regularly to talk about managing your diabetes. During these visits, the supplier checks your A1C values. Your HbA1c target may vary depending on age and various other factors. The American Diabetes Association generally recommends that A1C levels be below 7%, or an average glucose level of about 154 mg/dL (8.5 mmol/L). The Panel recommends screening for hyperinflammation due to the possibility of an increased risk of cytokine storm and severe COVID-19 in patients with type 2 diabetes and fatty liver. Despite your efforts, problems will sometimes arise. Some short-term complications of type 1 diabetes, such as hypoglycemia, should be treated immediately.
They also need to balance the food they eat with the amount of insulin they absorb and their activity level. This is because eating certain foods will lead to an increase in blood sugar levels more than others, while insulin and exercise will lower blood sugar. The amount of blood sugar that rises after eating depends on the type of nutrients the food contains. As a way to track glucose before, during, and after exercise in people with diabetes; monitor the glycemic response to movement; and help control insulin and carbohydrate intake to prevent the development of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, clinicians should prescribe CGM. Exercise is also an important part of diabetes treatment. Regular physical activity helps keep blood sugar levels within a healthy range. It may also reduce the risk of other health problems that people with diabetes are more likely to have, such as heart disease. You may find that it helps to talk to other people with type 1 diabetes. Online and in-person support groups are available. Group members often know the latest treatments. They can also share their own experiences or useful information. For example, they can share where to find carb numbers for your favorite takeaway restaurant.
Your diabetes healthcare team may recommend that you use a continuous blood glucose meter (CGM). A CGM is a portable device that can measure blood glucose every few minutes continuously. It is measured by a thread-like sensor that is inserted under the skin and fixed in place. The sensors can stay in place for about a week before needing to be replaced and are accurate enough to replace frequent finger prick tests. More frequent blood sugar levels can help you and the healthcare team better set and adjust your insulin doses and diabetes management plan to improve blood sugar control.